Arborists get qualifications to practice arboriculture in a variety of ways, and some arborists are more qualified than others. The experience of working safely and effectively in and around trees is essential. Arborists tend to specialize in one or more disciplines of arboriculture, such as the diagnosis and treatment of pests, diseases and nutritional deficiencies in trees, climbing and pruning, protection from cables and lightning, or perhaps consulting and writing reports. All of these disciplines are related and some arborists have a lot of experience in all areas of tree work, but not all arborists have the training or experience to properly practice each discipline.
In the UK, an arborist can earn qualifications up to a master's degree. University courses include higher education qualifications such as national certificate, national diploma, while higher education courses in arboriculture include foundation, bachelor's and master's degrees. Depending on the jurisdiction, there may be a number of legal issues surrounding the practices of arborists, including boundary issues, public safety issues, heritage trees of community value; and problems of neighbors such as property, obstruction of views, impacts of roots crossing boundaries, annoying problems, quarantines for diseases or insects, and safety of nearby trees. A botanist is a scientist who studies or experiments with plants.
These plants can include a variety of organisms, including flowers, trees, and algae. Botanists are a type of biologist. The science of horticulture covers a broader spectrum than that of an arborist, whose concern is trees or shrubs. Arborists often offer tree removal, wiring or reinforcement services for structural support, transplanting and planting or shredding stumps, when necessary.
These scientists can be further distinguished by the specific types of plants studied within the group. Tree surgery is an important feature in the cultivation, management and study of trees, shrubs and other plants. Before starting work in the UK, arborists have a legal responsibility to inspect trees for wildlife, especially bats, which are given particular legal protection. Homeowners' associations seeking to draft restrictive agreements, or legislative bodies seeking to draft laws involving trees, may seek advice from arborists to avoid future difficulties.
An agronomist uses knowledge of how plants grow to improve agriculture, while a food scientist discusses how to use plants as food products. The protagonist of Italo Calvino's novel, The Baron of Trees, lives life on the ground as a child and spends the rest of his life swinging from tree to tree in the Italian countryside. Arborists generally focus on the health and safety of individual plants and trees, rather than managing forests or harvesting timber (forestry or forestry). Arborists can also evaluate trees to determine health, structure, safety, or viability within a landscape and in the vicinity of humans.
In addition, any tree in the UK can be covered by a tree conservation order and it is illegal to perform any work on a tree, including felling or pruning, before permission is sought from the local council. An arborist, tree surgeon or (less commonly) arboricultor, is a professional in the practice of arboriculture, which is the cultivation, management and study of individual trees, shrubs, vines and other woody perennial plants in dendrology and horticulture. While some aspects of this work are done on the ground or in an office, much of it is done by arborists who perform tree services and who climb trees with ropes, harnesses, and other equipment. Some commonly offered services are considered unacceptable by modern arboricultural standards and can seriously damage, disfigure, weaken or even kill trees.
The work of an arborist may involve very large and complex trees, or ecological communities and their abiotic components in the context of the landscape ecosystem. An example of this is the covering of trees, the cutting or placing of hats, where the entire tops of the trees or the main stems are removed, usually by transversely cutting the stem or the main stems or the leaders, leaving large and unsightly pieces. In recent years, research has shown that wound dressings, such as paint, tar or other coatings, are unnecessary and can damage trees. .